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London

LONDON
London is the capital of England and the United Kingdom. It has been a major city for two millennia, and its history goes back to its founding by the Romans, when it was named Londinium.
London is a major global city and one of the world's largest financial centres. London's influence in politics, education, entertainment, media, fashion, the arts and culture in general contributes to its global position. London's success as a service industry and business centre can be attributed to factors such as English being the native and dominant language of business, close relationship with the U.S. and various countries in Asia.
London has a wide range of peoples, cultures, and religions, and more than 300 languages are spoken within its boundaries. In July 2007, it had an official population of 7,556,900 within the boundaries of Greater London, making it the most populous municipality in the European Union. The majority of Londoners – 58.2% – identify themselves as Christians.
The public transport network is the most extensive in the world (the distinctive red double-decker buses are internationally recognized and are a trademark of London transport along with black cabs and the Tube). London Heathrow Airport is the world's busiest airport by number of international passengers and the airspace is the busiest of any urban centre in the world.
London is an important city because the Government of the United Kingdom is located around the Palace of Westminster.
London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London; the historic settlement of Greenwich; the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; and the site comprising the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey and St. Margaret's Church.
The City of London is one of the world's three largest financial centres (alongside New York and Tokyo). Other businesses locate in the City of Westminster, the home of the UK's national government and the well-known Westminster Abbey.
The West End is London's main entertainment and shopping district and fashionable and expensive residential area.
The East End is the area closest to the original Port of London, known for its high immigrant population, as well as for being one of the poorest areas in London.
Home to a range of universities, colleges and schools, London has a student population of about 378,000 and is a centre of research and development. Most primary and secondary schools in London follow the same system as the rest of England—comprehensive schooling. The University of London is the largest contact teaching university in the United Kingdom and in Europe. London is home to many museums, galleries, and other institutions which are major tourist attractions as well as playing a research role.
London has a temperate marine climate like much of the British Isles, so the city rarely sees extremely high or low temperatures. Summers are warm, winters are chilly, but rarely below freezing, while spring has mild days and cool evenings, autumn is usually mild. London is a relatively dry city with regular but generally light precipitation throughout the year. Snow is relatively uncommon. Some snowfall, however, is usually seen up to a few times a year.
London is one of the major classical and popular music capitals of the world and is home to major music corporations, such as EMI, as well as countless bands, musicians and industry professionals. Musicians such as Bob Marley, Madonna, Jimi Hendrix and Freddie Mercury have lived in London. A large number of musical artists originate from or are most strongly associated with London, including Radiohead, The Clash, David Bowie, Ian Dury and the Blockheads, The Kinks, The Rolling Stones, The Who, Madness, The Jam, Squeeze and The Small Faces. The United Kingdom's Royal Ballet, English National Ballet, Royal Opera and English National Opera are based in London.
London is home to designers Vivienne Westwood, Galliano, Stella McCartney, Manolo Blahnik and Jimmy Choo.
The largest parks in the central area of London are the Royal Parks of Hyde Park, its neighbour Kensington Gardens at the western edge of central London and Regent's Park on the northern edge. Regent's Park contains London Zoo, the world's oldest scientific zoo, and is located near the tourist attraction of Madame Tussauds Wax Museum. Hyde Park in particular is popular for sports and sometimes hosts open-air concerts.
London hosted the 1908 and 1948 Summer Olympics and will host the 2012 Summer Olympics.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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